|Title||Specific targeting of atherosclerotic plaques in ApoE(-/-) mice using a new Camelid sdAb binding the vulnerable plaque marker LOX-1.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||De Vos, J., I. Mathijs, C. Xavier, S. Massa, U. Wernery, L. Bouwens, T. Lahoutte, S. Muyldermans, and N. Devoogdt|
|Journal||Mol Imaging Biol|
|Date Published||2014 Oct|
PURPOSE: Molecular imaging has the potential to provide quantitative information about specific biological aspects of developing atherosclerotic lesions. This requires the generation of reliable, highly specific plaque tracers. This study reports a new camelid single-domain antibody fragment (sdAb) targeting the Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor (LOX-1), a biomarker for the detection and molecular phenotyping of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques.PROCEDURES: A camelid sdAb was generated and selected for high affinity binding to LOX-1. Ex vivo biodistribution and in vivo single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT) imaging studies were performed in wild-type mice and in fat-fed atherosclerotic apolipoprotein E-deficient mice with (99m)Tc-labeled sdAbs. Gamma-counting and autoradiography analyses were performed on dissected aorta segments with different degrees of plaque burden. The specificity of the LOX-1-targeting sdAb was evaluated by blocking with unlabeled sdAb or by comparison with a nontargeting (99m)Tc-labeled control sdAb.RESULTS: We generated a sdAb binding LOX-1 with a KD of 280 pM ± 62 pM affinity. After (99m)Tc-labeling, the tracer had radiochemical purity higher then 99 % and retained specificity in in vitro binding studies. Tracer blood clearance was fast with concomitant high kidney retention. At 3 h after injection, uptake in tissues other than plaques was low and not different than background, suggesting a restricted expression pattern of LOX-1. Conversely, uptake in aortic segments increased with plaque content and was due to specific LOX-1 binding. In vivo SPECT/CT imaging 160 min after injection in atherosclerotic mice confirmed specific targeting of LOX-1-expressing aortic plaques.CONCLUSIONS: The LOX-sdAb specifically targets LOX-1-expressing atherosclerotic plaques within hours after injection. The possibility to image LOX-1 rapidly after administration combined with the favourable biodistribution of a sdAb are beneficial for molecular phenotyping of atherosclerotic plaques and the generation of a future prognostic tracer.
|Alternate Journal||Mol Imaging Biol|
Specific targeting of atherosclerotic plaques in ApoE(-/-) mice using a new Camelid sdAb binding the vulnerable plaque marker LOX-1.