Computational analysis of translational readthrough proteins in Drosophila and yeast reveals parallels to alternative splicing.

TitleComputational analysis of translational readthrough proteins in Drosophila and yeast reveals parallels to alternative splicing.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsPancsa, R., Macossay-Castillo M., Kosol S., and Tompa P.
JournalSci Rep
Volume6
Pagination32142
Date Published2016 Aug 26
ISSN2045-2322
Abstract

In translational readthrough (TR) the ribosome continues extending the nascent protein beyond the first in-frame termination codon. Due to the lack of dedicated analyses of eukaryotic TR cases, the associated functional-evolutionary advantages are still unclear. Here, based on a variety of computational methods, we describe the structural and functional properties of previously proposed D. melanogaster and S. cerevisiae TR proteins and extensions. We found that in D. melanogaster TR affects long proteins in mainly regulatory roles. Their TR-extensions are structurally disordered and rich in binding motifs, which, together with their cell-type- and developmental stage-dependent inclusion, suggest that similarly to alternatively spliced exons they rewire cellular interaction networks in a temporally and spatially controlled manner. In contrast, yeast TR proteins are rather short and fulfil mainly housekeeping functions, like translation. Yeast extensions usually lack disorder and linear motifs, which precludes elucidating their functional relevance with sufficient confidence. Therefore we propose that by being much more restricted and by lacking clear functional hallmarks in yeast as opposed to fruit fly, TR shows remarkable parallels with alternative splicing. Additionally, the lack of conservation of TR extensions among orthologous TR proteins suggests that TR-mediated functions may be generally specific to lower taxonomic levels.

DOI10.1038/srep32142
Alternate JournalSci Rep
PubMed ID27561673
PubMed Central IDPMC4999894
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