Anomer-Specific Recognition and Dynamics in a Fucose-Binding Lectin.

TitleAnomer-Specific Recognition and Dynamics in a Fucose-Binding Lectin.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsAntonik, P. M., A. N. Volkov, U. N. Broder, D. Lo Re, N. A. J. van Nuland, and P. B. Crowley
JournalBiochemistry
Volume55
Issue8
Pagination1195-203
Date Published2016 Mar 01
ISSN1520-4995
KeywordsAmino Acid Sequence, Bacterial Proteins, Fucose, Lectins, Mannose, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Protein Binding, Ralstonia solanacearum, Sequence Alignment
Abstract

Sugar binding by a cell surface ∼29 kDa lectin (RSL) from the bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum was characterized by NMR spectroscopy. The complexes formed with four monosaccharides and four fucosides were studied. Complete resonance assignments and backbone dynamics were determined for RSL in the sugar-free form and when bound to l-fucose or d-mannose. RSL was found to interact with both the α- and the β-anomer of l-fucose and the "fucose like" sugars d-arabinose and l-galactose. Peak splitting was observed for some resonances of the binding site residues. The assignment of the split signals to the α- or β-anomer was confirmed by comparison with the spectra of RSL bound to methyl-α-l-fucoside or methyl-β-l-fucoside. The backbone dynamics of RSL were sensitive to the presence of ligand, with the protein adopting a more compact structure upon binding to l-fucose. Taking advantage of tryptophan residues in the binding sites, we show that the indole resonance is an excellent reporter on ligand binding. Each sugar resulted in a distinct signature of chemical shift perturbations, suggesting that tryptophan signals are a sufficient probe of sugar binding.

DOI10.1021/acs.biochem.5b01212
Alternate JournalBiochemistry
PubMed ID26845253
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