Arabidopsis thaliana dehydroascorbate reductase 2: Conformational flexibility during catalysis.

TitleArabidopsis thaliana dehydroascorbate reductase 2: Conformational flexibility during catalysis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsBodra, N., D. Young, L. Astolfi Rosado, A. Palló, K. Wahni, F. De Proft, J. Huang, F. Van Breusegem, and J. Messens
JournalSci Rep
Date Published2017 02 14

Dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR) catalyzes the glutathione (GSH)-dependent reduction of dehydroascorbate and plays a direct role in regenerating ascorbic acid, an essential plant antioxidant vital for defense against oxidative stress. DHAR enzymes bear close structural homology to the glutathione transferase (GST) superfamily of enzymes and contain the same active site motif, but most GSTs do not exhibit DHAR activity. The presence of a cysteine at the active site is essential for the catalytic functioning of DHAR, as mutation of this cysteine abolishes the activity. Here we present the crystal structure of DHAR2 from Arabidopsis thaliana with GSH bound to the catalytic cysteine. This structure reveals localized conformational differences around the active site which distinguishes the GSH-bound DHAR2 structure from that of DHAR1. We also unraveled the enzymatic step in which DHAR releases oxidized glutathione (GSSG). To consolidate our structural and kinetic findings, we investigated potential conformational flexibility in DHAR2 by normal mode analysis and found that subdomain mobility could be linked to GSH binding or GSSG release.

Alternate JournalSci Rep
PubMed ID28195196
PubMed Central IDPMC5307357
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