NrdH-redoxin of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Corynebacterium glutamicum dimerizes at high protein concentration and exclusively receives electrons from thioredoxin reductase.

TitleNrdH-redoxin of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Corynebacterium glutamicum dimerizes at high protein concentration and exclusively receives electrons from thioredoxin reductase.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsVan Laer, K., A. M. Dziewulska, M. Fislage, K. Wahni, A. Hbeddou, J-F. Collet, W. Versées, L. M. Mateos, V. Tamu Dufe, and J. Messens
JournalJ Biol Chem
Volume288
Issue11
Pagination7942-55
Date Published2013 Mar 15
Type of Articleredox
ISSN1083-351X
KeywordsAmino Acid Sequence, Antitubercular Agents, Catalytic Domain, Cloning, Molecular, Corynebacterium glutamicum, Crystallography, X-Ray, Cysteine, Dimerization, Electrons, Escherichia coli Proteins, Glycopeptides, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Inositol, Kinetics, Molecular Conformation, Molecular Sequence Data, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Oxidation-Reduction, Protein Binding, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Ribonucleotides, Scattering, Radiation, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, Surface Properties, Thioredoxin-Disulfide Reductase, Thioredoxins, X-Rays
Abstract

NrdH-redoxins are small reductases with a high amino acid sequence similarity with glutaredoxins and mycoredoxins but with a thioredoxin-like activity. They function as the electron donor for class Ib ribonucleotide reductases, which convert ribonucleotides into deoxyribonucleotides. We solved the x-ray structure of oxidized NrdH-redoxin from Corynebacterium glutamicum (Cg) at 1.5 Å resolution. Based on this monomeric structure, we built a homology model of NrdH-redoxin from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mt). Both NrdH-redoxins have a typical thioredoxin fold with the active site CXXC motif located at the N terminus of the first α-helix. With size exclusion chromatography and small angle x-ray scattering, we show that Mt_NrdH-redoxin is a monomer in solution that has the tendency to form a non-swapped dimer at high protein concentration. Further, Cg_NrdH-redoxin and Mt_NrdH-redoxin catalytically reduce a disulfide with a specificity constant 1.9 × 10(6) and 5.6 × 10(6) M(-1) min(-1), respectively. They use a thiol-disulfide exchange mechanism with an N-terminal cysteine pKa lower than 6.5 for nucleophilic attack, whereas the pKa of the C-terminal cysteine is ~10. They exclusively receive electrons from thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) and not from mycothiol, the low molecular weight thiol of actinomycetes. This specificity is shown in the structural model of the complex between NrdH-redoxin and TrxR, where the two surface-exposed phenylalanines of TrxR perfectly fit into the conserved hydrophobic pocket of the NrdH-redoxin. Moreover, nrdh gene deletion and disruption experiments seem to indicate that NrdH-redoxin is essential in C. glutamicum.

DOI10.1074/jbc.M112.392688
Alternate JournalJ. Biol. Chem.
PubMed ID23362277
PubMed Central IDPMC3597831
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