A study of the cognitive and psychological profile in 16 children with congenital or juvenile myotonic dystrophy.

TitleA study of the cognitive and psychological profile in 16 children with congenital or juvenile myotonic dystrophy.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsSteyaert, J., S. Umans, D. Willekens, E. Legius, E. Pijkels, C. de Die-Smulders, H. Van den Berghe, and J. P. Fryns
JournalClin Genet
Volume52
Issue3
Pagination135-41
Date Published1997 Sep
ISSN0009-9163
KeywordsAdolescent, Anxiety Disorders, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, Behavior, Child, Child Behavior, Child Development, Child, Preschool, Cloning, Molecular, Cognition, Emotions, Female, Humans, Intellectual Disability, Intelligence, Male, Myotonic Dystrophy, Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
Abstract

We report data on intelligence and on possibly associated psychopathology in 16 children and adolescents, between 7 and 18 years of age, with congenital or juvenile myotonic dystrophy. We found that all the subjects have an intelligence level below the population mean, four of them in the mentally retarded range. An unexpected number of subjects are in the clinical range on the Child Behavior Checklist. In nine of the 16 subjects, a child psychiatric diagnosis was found using a standardized psychiatric interview. The most frequent child psychiatric diagnosis was Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Alternate JournalClin. Genet.
PubMed ID9377801