The structure of the C-terminal domain of the largest editosome interaction protein and its role in promoting RNA binding by RNA-editing ligase L2.

TitleThe structure of the C-terminal domain of the largest editosome interaction protein and its role in promoting RNA binding by RNA-editing ligase L2.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsPark, Y-J., T. Budiarto, M. Wu, E. Pardon, J. Steyaert, and W. G. J. Hol
JournalNucleic Acids Res
Volume40
Issue14
Pagination6966-77
Date Published2012 Aug
ISSN1362-4962
KeywordsBinding Sites, Carbon-Oxygen Ligases, Mitochondrial Proteins, Models, Molecular, Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs, Protozoan Proteins, RNA Editing, RNA, Double-Stranded, Trypanosoma brucei brucei
Abstract

Trypanosomatids, such as the sleeping sickness parasite Trypanosoma brucei, contain a ∼ 20S RNA-editing complex, also called the editosome, which is required for U-insertion/deletion editing of mitochondrial mRNAs. The editosome contains a core of 12 proteins including the large interaction protein A1, the small interaction protein A6, and the editing RNA ligase L2. Using biochemical and structural data, we identified distinct domains of T. brucei A1 which specifically recognize A6 and L2. We provide evidence that an N-terminal domain of A1 interacts with the C-terminal domain of L2. The C-terminal domain of A1 appears to be required for the interaction with A6 and also plays a key role in RNA binding by the RNA-editing ligase L2 in trans. Three crystal structures of the C-terminal domain of A1 have been elucidated, each in complex with a nanobody as a crystallization chaperone. These structures permitted the identification of putative dsRNA recognition sites. Mutational analysis of conserved residues of the C-terminal domain identified Arg703, Arg731 and Arg734 as key requirements for RNA binding. The data show that the editing RNA ligase activity is modulated by a novel mechanism, i.e. by the trans-acting RNA binding C-terminal domain of A1.

DOI10.1093/nar/gks369
Alternate JournalNucleic Acids Res.
PubMed ID22561373
PubMed Central IDPMC3413154
Grant ListR001 GM077418-04S1 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
R01 GM077418 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States