Analysis of the thermodynamics of binding of an SH3 domain to proline-rich peptides using a chimeric fusion protein.

TitleAnalysis of the thermodynamics of binding of an SH3 domain to proline-rich peptides using a chimeric fusion protein.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsCandel, A. M., N. A. J. van Nuland, F. M. Martin-Sierra, J. C. Martinez, and F. Conejero-Lara
JournalJ Mol Biol
Volume377
Issue1
Pagination117-35
Date Published2008 Mar 14
ISSN1089-8638
KeywordsAlanine, Amino Acid Sequence, Calorimetry, Differential Scanning, Circular Dichroism, Hot Temperature, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutant Proteins, Mutation, Peptides, Proline, Protein Binding, Protein Folding, Protons, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Sequence Alignment, Spectrin, Spectrometry, Fluorescence, src Homology Domains, Thermodynamics
Abstract

A complete understanding of the thermodynamic determinants of binding between SH3 domains and proline-rich peptides is crucial to the development of rational strategies for designing ligands for these important domains. Recently we engineered a single-chain chimeric protein by fusing the alpha-spectrin Src homology region 3 (SH3) domain to the decapeptide APSYSPPPPP (p41). This chimera mimics the structural and energetic features of the interaction between SH3 domains and proline-rich peptides. Here we show that analysing the unfolding thermodynamics of single-point mutants of this chimeric fusion protein constitutes a very useful approach to deciphering the thermodynamics of SH3-ligand interactions. To this end, we investigated the contribution of each proline residue of the ligand sequence to the SH3-peptide interaction by producing six single Pro-Ala mutants of the chimeric protein and analysing their unfolding thermodynamics by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Structural analyses of the mutant chimeras by circular dichroism, fluorescence and NMR together with NMR-relaxation measurements indicate conformational flexibility at the binding interface, which is strongly affected by the different Pro-Ala mutations. An analysis of the DSC thermograms on the basis of a three-state unfolding model has allowed us to distinguish and separate the thermodynamic magnitudes of the interaction at the binding interface. The model assumes equilibrium between the "unbound" and "bound" states at the SH3-peptide binding interface. The resulting thermodynamic magnitudes classify the different proline residues according to their importance in the interaction as P2 approximately P7 approximately P10>P9 approximately P6>P8, which agrees well with Lim's model for the interaction between SH3 domains and proline-rich peptides. In addition, the thermodynamic signature of the interaction is the same as that usually found for this type of binding, with a strong enthalpy-entropy compensation for all the mutants. This compensation appears to derive from an increase in conformational flexibility concomitant to the weakening of the interactions at the binding interface. We conclude that our approach, based on DSC and site-directed mutagenesis analysis of chimeric fusion proteins, may serve as a suitable tool to analyse the energetics of weak biomolecular interactions such as those involving SH3 domains.

DOI10.1016/j.jmb.2007.11.060
Alternate JournalJ. Mol. Biol.
PubMed ID18234212