Position and orientation of the globular domain of linker histone H5 on the nucleosome.

TitlePosition and orientation of the globular domain of linker histone H5 on the nucleosome.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsZhou, Y. B., S. E. Gerchman, V. Ramakrishnan, A. Travers, and S. Muyldermans
JournalNature
Volume395
Issue6700
Pagination402-5
Date Published1998 Sep 24
ISSN0028-0836
KeywordsAnimals, Azides, Binding Sites, Chickens, Chromatin, Cross-Linking Reagents, DNA, Histones, Mutation, Nucleosomes
Abstract

It is essential to identify the exact location of the linker histone within nucleosomes, the fundamental packing units of chromatin, in order to understand how condensed, transcriptionally inactive chromatin forms. Here, using a site-specific protein-DNA photo-crosslinking method, we map the binding site and the orientation of the globular domain of linker histone H5 on mixed-sequence chicken nucleosomes. We show, in contrast to an earlier model, that the globular domain forms a bridge between one terminus of chromatosomal DNA and the DNA in the vicinity of the dyad axis of symmetry of the core particle. Helix III of the globular domain binds in the major groove of the first helical turn of the chromatosomal DNA, whereas the secondary DNA-binding site on the opposite face of the globular domain of histone H5 makes contact with the nucleosomal DNA close to its midpoint. We also infer that helix I and helix II of the globular domain of histone H5 probably face, respectively, the solvent and the nucleosome. This location places the basic carboxy-terminal region of the globular domain in a position from which it could simultaneously bind the nucleosome-linking DNA strands that exit and enter the nucleosome.

DOI10.1038/26521
Alternate JournalNature
PubMed ID9759733