The oxidase DsbA folds a protein with a nonconsecutive disulfide.

TitleThe oxidase DsbA folds a protein with a nonconsecutive disulfide.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsMessens, J., J-F. Collet, K. Van Belle, E. Brosens, R. Loris, and L. Wyns
JournalJ Biol Chem
Date Published2007 Oct 26
Type of Articleredox
KeywordsCircular Dichroism, Crystallography, X-Ray, Disulfides, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli Proteins, Models, Molecular, Oxidoreductases, Periplasm, Protein Disulfide-Isomerases, Protein Folding, Protein Structure, Secondary, Spectrum Analysis, Raman

One of the last unsolved problems of molecular biology is how the sequential amino acid information leads to a functional protein. Correct disulfide formation within a protein is hereby essential. We present periplasmic ribonuclease I (RNase I) from Escherichia coli as a new endogenous substrate for the study of oxidative protein folding. One of its four disulfides is between nonconsecutive cysteines. In general view, the folding of proteins with nonconsecutive disulfides requires the protein disulfide isomerase DsbC. In contrast, our study with RNase I shows that DsbA is a sufficient catalyst for correct disulfide formation in vivo and in vitro. DsbA is therefore more specific than generally assumed. Further, we show that the redox potential of the periplasm depends on the presence of glutathione and the Dsb proteins to maintain it at-165 mV. We determined the influence of this redox potential on the folding of RNase I. Under the more oxidizing conditions of dsb(-) strains, DsbC becomes necessary to correct non-native disulfides, but it cannot substitute for DsbA. Altogether, DsbA folds a protein with a nonconsecutive disulfide as long as no incorrect disulfides are formed.

Alternate JournalJ. Biol. Chem.
PubMed ID17702751
Research group: